Manit Rastogi & Sonali Rastogi Reinterprets India’s Architectural Roots Through MORPHOGENESIS

Morphogenesis reinterprets India’s architectural roots and consistently employs passive design solutions for a unique contextual language.

It’s been over two decades now that the creators and their creations are standing tall, continually expanding,  and adding to the definition of contemporary Indian architecture using the best blend of local-global design – that’s MORPHOGENESIS – an innovative practice at the forefront of thought leadership in design.

architect in Delhi-Sonali Rastogi

A unified vision of the architect-duo Sonali and Manit Rastogi to define the emerging Indian architecture led to the inception of Morphogenesis in 1996. Since then the firm has evolved into a cross-disciplinary team comprising of Architects, Interior Designers, Landscape Architects, Urban Designers, and Researchers with diverse backgrounds and specializations. With offices in New Delhi and Bengaluru, their work spans across India, SAARC Nations and South Africa, taking brand India global.

Architecture Studies

After completing their Architecture studies from School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi, Sonali and Manit proceeded to spend a long stint at The Architectural Association, London where Manit pursued his interest in the study of nature, evolution and design processes in association with John Frazer. He also acquired a degree in energy and Environment Studies with Simos Yannas. Sonali studied Housing and Urbanism with George Fiori and at ‘The Design Lab’ with Jeff Kipnis. Bringing together their bouquet of interests Morphogenesis was born with a vision to contribute to the definition of sustainable architecture for modern India.


Morphogenesis reinterprets India’s architectural roots and consistently employs passive design solutions for a unique contextual language. Their ability to design relevant modern forms with a juxtaposition of traditional wisdom and modern tools has won them over 100 National and International accomplishments, awards and recognitions. They view their practice as a ‘knowledge firm’ - an architectural laboratory, looking to expand the boundaries of architecture, urbanism and environmental design in India.

Indian Architecture

In 2009, Morphogenesis became the first Indian practice to win a World Architecture Festival (WAF) Award and the Laureates of Singapore Institute of Architects (SIA) Getz Award in 2014 for their work which is “.. very much rooted in the culture, climatic, social and economic conditions of India .. ” cited the SIA Getz Jury.

Extremely learned and humble souls, Sonali and Manit Rastogi are among the most respected contemporary Indian architects today. Sonali is passionate about design and has a profound interest in the ‘History and Theory’ of architecture. She lectures and writes extensively, having spoken recently at the Brown University Arts Symposium (2017) and the Design Leadership Summit, New York (2014), amongst others. She is also the Gallently /Dickson visiting scholar at the University of BATH, UK.

Sonali is ardently interested in the materiality and craft in architecture and is deeply invested in the detail of the building. A strong proponent of the arts, she is also a founder member of Manthan, a platform for creative individuals who seek to share, discuss, engage with and evolve concepts and ideologies. A Fellow of the IIA (Indian Institute of Architects) and the RSA (Royal Society of Arts, UK), she also extends her impact on the built environment as the council member of the Delhi Urban Arts Commission.

Indian Institute of Architects

Sonali has co-authored with Manit Rastogi, Morphogenesis’s first monograph ‘Morphogenesis: The Indian Perspective | The Global Context’ published by Images Australia under their Master Architect Series, exemplifying the hallmarks of their 20-year journey.

It was an absolute pleasure and privilege for Surfaces Reporter to have Sonali Rastogi as the keynote speaker in the 4th ‘The Talk of Town’ series event in New Delhi on 2nd June 2018, New Delhi.

We have been seeing and following her work closely for multiple years now, and have seen her elevating the benchmarks, and strengthening the womanhood in Art, Architecture and Design. It was quite engaging for the audience to travel with her as she reminisced the journey of Morphogenesis – from a garage to a conglomerate, in her talk on ‘Genesis of a Contemporary Indian practice’ with her signature flair and poise.

Excerpts from Sonali Rastogi’s speech at the SURFACES REPORTER’s #TheTalkofTown event - June 2, 2018:

World Architecture Festival (WAF)

A purpose is born, when something hurts badly deep inside – a fanatic desire to change what offends.

It was during those formative years in London when Sonali and Manit were completing their Masters, that they both first felt the absence of “India” in the global architectural circuit. Internet was newly born, and the glossy magazines ruled the stands. While it was exciting for them to attend public lectures, the lack of mention of Indian Architecture was pinching. She recollected - it was in that moment when the entrepreneurial instinct first stung them and the desire to tell the world about their perception of ‘futuristic architecture’ triggered- and, thus, Morphogenesis came into existence in 1996, when the two returned to India.

She shares that the mission behind the inception of their practice was clear, concise, and cohesive – to contribute their bit to elevate the Indian voice globally.

Her approach towards her projects is inspired by the evolutionary processes in nature and their belief in sustainability forms a consistent theme in her designs. By deploying passive strategies and responding to the local climate and ecology they address various parameters such as comfort, safety and livability whilst ensuring that the projects remain economically viable and globally pertinent.

Indian Architecture

There are number of eminent international and national projects which Morphogenesis has spearheaded, but there are a classic few, close to her heart, which she spoke about eagerly:

Sonali is surprised about the silence surrounding the currently under construction, global competition winner -the Surat Diamond Bourse. The building is set to be the world’s largest single-faced office building spreading over an area of 65 lakhs square feet. She speaks enthusiastically about the unique features of the project - a building for the world’s largest single community - a civic society of Saurashtra Patels. The structure is aimed at controlling 95% of the global diametric with 23 kilometres of naturally ventilated active spines connecting all towers. Overall, the extended creation when built will be setting standards for more reasons than one.

Indian Architecture

A River in Need - The Namami Gange Project a part of the Government’s initiative to revive The Ganges, this project span sacross 64 ghats and crematoriums along a 210 kilometre stretch from Varanasi to Allahabad. The intensity, spread, and the intelligence needed to execute such a massive venture is immense and is an architect’s dream. Sonali says this is an endeavour full of challenges ranging from historical, hydrological, sustainable, and cultural contexts while dealing with erosion, rise in water levels and monsoon flooding. In their rich architectural journey so far, never have they been exposed to calculate the volume of woods in funerals, seeing the half-burnt bodies in the rivers, talking to localities about such behaviour, and to work with NGOs’ to organise, control and minimise such customs. In her words it was ‘gut-wrenching and depleted our souls’ while enhancing their zeal to do everything possible to get it right.

Sonali Rastogi

Winning the project The Infosys Campus, Nagpur through a competition made them shift their gears. Mr. Narayan Murthy who was completely engrossed in its developments wanted a ‘net-zero’ model, which meant small buildings, individual stand-alone structures, little schools – all leading to defining the future of sustainability.

Indian Institute of Architects

Mr Murthy further pressed them to think different and come up with the world’s most sustainable building model with 100% productive landscape while preserving the eco-system and bio-diversity giving universal access across the entire campus. The project gave them opportunity to learn a new dimension regarding working sensibly and starting with a benchmark metric, as opposed to focussing on the established principles of the 21st century.

World Architecture Festival

The British School, New Delhi is India’s 5-star rated GRIHA school, reflecting the ethos of ‘International School with an Indian Soul’. The management wanted the structure to emit emotions, generate memories, and reside in the sub-conscious forever. “It was tough, but then we nailed it precisely,” she quipped.

Can making the Amarnath pilgrimage safer become an architectural event? Yes, it is, and that is what the team at Morphogenesis under the guidance of Sonali and Manit did – executing above the snow line.

Indian Architecture

There was a lot of coding, scripting and a real inclusion of parametric forms within the constraints of construction technology at such insane heights within logical constraints. A cohesive squad-ing with the Indian Army, dismantling the rocks with boring machines, donkeys transporting the stuff and staying in caves was all a part of the project.

Indian Architecture

Sonali has markedly debunked the myth that women can’t do mainstream architecture.

Born into a family of architects, she has been seeing, touching, scribbling, and feeling architecture from the very beginning. She says – she grew up with the zeal to defy the Indian society’s deeply rooted belief that women were not cut out for conventional architecture. And today, she is an inspiration for us all.

With pride in her eyes, she said, “Today, more than 50% of our team comprises of women”.

Listening to Sonali speak her heart out and take us to the lesser known facts about her and Morphogenesis’s journey was heart-warming and inspiring. SURFACES REPORTER sincerely believes that the best is yet to come from the firm.


We know that Morphogenesis had a modest starting. Please share the story of its beginning in a garage and how were the initial days?

We started Morphogenesis in 1996 as a two-person practice working out of a tiny garage, with no certainty of what the future would unravel for us, yet with complete clarity of purpose- to contribute to the definition of and to build a global discourse on contemporary Indian Architecture.

I believe we were fortunate to be in India at a time when there was a paradigm shift in the economy which was growing and liberalizing, because that let us experiment with the evolution of corporate offices, shopping complexes, educational institutes, etc. that were pushing the boundaries for new forms of education, holistic health facilities, IT campuses, and more. We were privileged to be the first entrants into many such typologies. All this lead to the building of an innovative and contemporary Indian practice at the forefront of thought leadership in design and operational excellence. Our first project together was the Apollo Tyres Corporate office. We were very fortunate to have a client entrust us with a project of this magnitude. For the time of the project (1996), the technology implemented was cutting edge. There was an immense amount we learned from it. Since then, we have done projects varying across typologies, scale and thought processes – be it a 400sq. ft. single room office or cinema remodelling.

In the last 22 years, there has been immense learning, discovery and pride in terms of being the 1st ones to do something. In doing so, we have come a long way - having designed some of the world’s largest buildings, 1st net zero energy enabled school, 1st Indian practice to win at the World Architecture Festival (WAF). This ‘first’ ethos has become synonymous with the way Morphogenesis works – in discovering and promoting Indian architecture across the world.

architecture and design

As a young architecture & design firm were there any important choices you made early in your career that shaped your work and vision.

When we started in 1996, our vision for the firm was clear - we didn’t want to brand our work behind any one individual, rather the focus was on the ‘Morphogenesis’ brand. For us, Morphogenesis essentially means ‘horizontal development of firm and responds to nature’. In the last 22 years, we have designed how a practice should be institutionalized and how it would be continued perpetually making it a learning laboratory for the people who come to work with us and through us. Our buildings are a by-product of this process. This process has also ensured that the organisation is equitable while simultaneously creating a learning environment. We have pursued these simple ideas and have built up what we have today. Rather than being milestone-driven, our vision is more value driven.

Indian Architecture

Kindly tell us more about the Design Philosophy mentioned as SAIL. How is it integrated with Design management?

Ever since our inception, Morphogenesis has had a reputation of being an innovative practice at the forefront of thought leadership in design. We look at all aspects of the context and arrive at an innovative response to the physical, geographical and cultural conditions that address the user brief, and ultimately aspiration. In our practice, we follow a very simple ideology SAIL which governs the philosophy of an integrated design approach.

Sustainability- The approach of ‘No is More’, i.e., imagining one has no resources at one’s disposal, becomes an inspiration for creating truly optimised built-spaces responding to present-day issues of stress on resources. We build buildings that consume 75% lesser energy than certified green building benchmarks.

Affordability- We break barriers of established price benchmarks and reduce consumption of resources through design innovation.

Identity- Our architecture is rooted in the Global and the Local, celebrating Diversity over Homogeneity.

Liveability- We design SMART architecture to build resilient communities by putting the user at the center of the design process.

At Morphogenesis, we believe that this philosophy will lead to an inclusive design - defining the new emergent Indian architecture.

Indian Architecture

What is your message for:

A) Young designers and architects

My advice to young prospective architects and designers would be that they should first understand that architecture and design are not just merely professions; they are a way of life! The commitment required is paramount as there is a tremendous responsibility to one-self, the environment and the society at large. If design and architecture is not your hobby, recreation, meditation, work and mojo, then one should try something else.

B) Surfaces Reporter magazine

In this age and time, the biggest thing an editorial platform can do – is actually become the base and pave way for design discourse. I am very happy to see Surfaces Reporter’s Initiative ‘The Talk of Town’ Series across multiple cities in India. By generating that kind of engagement within the architectural design community they are creating platforms that foster thought-provoking discussions. At the end of the day, design only grows as much as the discourse for it grows.

What is your mantra for work-life balance?

I think all working women have to be a master of time management. I definitely was NOT! I was quite the bohemian.

I think life teaches you time management. A woman plays many roles other than that of a mother, a daughter, a spouse, a sister and in an Indian situation more or less the one responsible for house chores, extended family relationships and friendships where work-life balance is hard to achieve. However, this network of relationships that women have is the one that also comes to help in fostering our careers. So, my career was entirely based on my life being balanced by my family- my mother, my mother-in-law, my sister and my sister-in-law. Often friends and neighbours pitched in and supported me in my work life. So, I don’t think this balance is something one might imagine and put on a calendar waiting for it to happen. It comes out of a deeper grain of a web of social networks. And it comes with the willingness to know it’s not going to be a one way give, give and give; there will be a take at some point. The give-and-take becomes part of larger life and social system beyond someone’s own imagination.


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