Envisage Incorporates Mud Phuska to Reduce The Ingress Of Heat By Almost 70% in This New Girls’ Hostel in Alipur

Envisage Design Studio

Meena Murthy Kakkar and Vishal Kakkar- founding architects of the Envisage- an interior and architecture design firm- have designed White Flower Hall- the new girl's hostel building at the Mann School in Alipur, India. The newly built dormitory has been planned with the intent to not only promote learning but also provide overall development of the students' personalities. The firm incorporated Mud Phuska (compacted soil with hay) in the structure for thermal insulation to avoid the entrance of heat by almost 70 percent.  Additionally, the architects have also used several other sustainable elements such as solar panels. Moreover, the bricks used in the construction have been procured from local kilns for minimum carbon footprint. Scroll down to read at SURFACES REPORTER (SR) 's this post to know more about the firm's strategy while deciding the material and colour palette for the school.

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Architecture and Interior Design Firm

The architecture studio aimed to build an innovative and practical Girls' Hostel for the female students at The Mann School. The building that encourages learning in a welcoming and uplifting way. An educational institution that provides all comforts and facilities to school's female students and makes them feel at home during their studies.

Architecture and Interior Design Firm

The hostel building was proposed within the complex of the school since the existing boarding facilities could not cater to the increasing number of students and their requirements. The idea was to create a safe environment for the girls with all the necessary functional requirements and a multitude of public spaces.

The Red and Grey Colour Scheme

The new building is positioned between the executive block and the senior academic wing and houses dormitories for grade 1-12, a study hall, and common recreational areas like games and television room, a computer room, and a salon.

Architecture and Interior Design FirmIt carries on the legacy of the school ethos with openness and continuity as part of the design intent. The campus' existing colour scheme of red and grey is maintained, while brick is used as a critical design element on the facades to help the new building blend cohesively within its surroundings. A metal jaali is also installed on the façade of the hostel building, supplemented by the lush greenery so that the building does not stick out like a sore thumb with too much built mass.

Inward-Looking Terraces

For the well-being of the children, creating outdoor spaces such as gardens and terraces and incorporating greenery within the building was prioritised.

Architecture and Interior Design Firm

The hostel is planned to overlook a central courtyard, with dormitories facing the corridors to ensure a lively and interactive environment. The corridors are widened in an angular fashion to accommodate seating spaces for children to relax.

Architecture and Interior Design FirmThe building opens out at a different angle on every floor, with inward-looking terraces staggered to help create a sense of visual connection for everyone, regardless of where they are positioned.

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Lower Floors for Younger Children

The residential facilities for younger children (grade 1-4) are planned on the ground floor, so they don't have to climb up the stairs, thus ensuring safety.

Architecture and Interior Design Firm

The dormitories are designed to ensure optimal ingress of daylight and ventilation with windows along the custom-designed bunk beds, allowing each child with a view to the outside.

Architecture and Interior Design FirmThe dining area, the parent's lounge, as well as recreational spaces like the indoor play area are also located on the ground floor.

Top Floors For Older Students

The first and second floors, on the other hand, are dedicated to facilities for older students: 4-bedded and 6-bedded dormitories with individual beds and study areas. The infirmary and the salon are also positioned on the first floor to accommodate all the facilities in one place, making the hostel self-sufficient.

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Activity Areas

All the activity areas like the common room, computer lab, and the games room are planned in the basement around the central courtyard and the sunken amphitheatre, making it the most lively zone in the building. Designed as an extension of the common room, the amphitheatre acts as a congregation spot where students and staff often come together to celebrate birthday parties and musical get-togethers.

Architecture and Interior Design Firm

Children who are far away from home require immense physical and emotional support. The school is like a parent to them, and hence safety was considered an essential part of the design. The warden's residence is planned within the building and overlooks the central courtyard, giving her a complete view of the hostel from her living room while retaining a sense of privacy.

Architecture and Interior Design Firm Also, the number of building entry and exit points are reduced, windows are fitted with metal grills, and crisscross wires are used between the handrails in the corridors and the ceiling as a precaution.

Sustainable Elements

Driven by sustainability, solar panels are installed on the terrace of the building. The central courtyard is precisely aligned in the North West - South East direction, to catch the southwesterly winds during the monsoon, thus ensuring ventilation throughout the building.

Architecture and Interior Design FirmThe South and West walls of the building are made with the rattrap bond (bricks are placed in a vertical position instead of a conventional horizontal position, creating a cavity) to provide thermal comfort.  Mud phuska (compacted soil with hay) is used for thermal insulation to reduce the ingress of heat by almost 70%.

Architecture and Interior Design FirmBricks used on-site have been procured from local kilns to reduce the carbon footprint. Even the finishes and materials used in the building are low maintenance and affordable - paint and tiles, granite, laminates on the door - all keeping in mind that the setting is to be used by young children.

Also Read: Delhi-Based Zero Energy Design Lab Reinterprets Vernacular Architecture With Advanced Techniques in this Brick Hostel | Gurgaon

Architecture and Interior Design Firm

All the site-excavated earth from the basement is used to level and create mounds in the garden in front of the girl's hostel. The debris that came out of the construction material was utilised to make the roads and footpaths of the school. Timber from old trees withering away on site was used to manufacture doors for the building. Additionally, rainwater is harvested from the 650 sqm. terrace into two pits through a series of drains and used for horticulture and flushing.

A home away from home – the Girls Hostel at Mann School, New Delhi follows an empathetic design approach, offering children a safe learning environment with the freedom to interact, engage and grow.

Project Details

Typology: Institutional
Name of Project: The Mann School – WhiteFlower Hall (Girls Hostel)
Location: Delhi
Name of Client: The Mann School
Name of Client’s Firm: The Mann School
Principal Architects: Meena Murthy Kakkar, Vishal Kakkar
Design Team: Akanksha, Varun Seth, Pankaj Chawla, Payal Gupta
Site Area (sq ft & sq m): 5000sqm.
Built-Up Area (sq ft & sq m): 3000sqm.
Start Date: December 2018
Completion Date: January 2020
Photographer: Suryan and Dang
*Text and Photos are provided by the architects

About the Firm

Envisage is an Interior and Architecture firm specializing in Design and Build projects based in New Delhi, India. The firm was formed by two partners, Meena Murthy Kakkar and Vishal Kakkar, who believe in visualizing and creating dream spaces for people.  

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